Lumbini is the place located in central terai of nepal where lord buddha, light of asia center of peace - was born in 623 B.C. lumbini is central for millions of buddhist devotees from all over the world. Lumbini used to be taken as a holy garden of beauty and legendary charm owned by shakya and kolias clans of that area.buddha himself was prince of that area and his family was from shakyas dynasty.
Inside Nepal there are a lot of monasteries on the name of Buddha but here in his birthplace many monasteries have been built by many nations from worldwide.after twenty years of marriage queen mayadevi gave birth to lord buddha after the wonderful and auspicious dream she got. According to the buddhist tradition, babies need to be born at their father's home that's why queen mayadevi was coming back from her parents house in DEVADAHA to king suddhodana palace but on the way shae have got the labor and catched the branch of the sal tree and gave birth of prince siddhartha at lumbini garden . When lord buddha was born there instantly walked seven steps and there were seven lotus blossoms according to the siddhartha steps it creates extra surprises to queen and queen did not survive very long after siddhartha born so he was grown up by prince siddhartha maternal aunty and back to palace later. Then after he got married with yashodhara and left the palace for searching enlightenment at the age of 29 and after he departed from the palace his son rahula was born. After 15 years prince Siddhartha returned to the palace, at that time he was already enlightened then again he went out to spread the knowledge that he gained.
Lumbini became a center for peace for all the human world. Buddhism itself is a great philosophy about living and survival. For centuries, Buddhists the world over knew that the general area of Lumbini was where the Lord Buddha was born. In the words of those famous Chinese pilgrims of antiquity, Huian Tsang and Faeihan, 'Lumbini -where the Lord was born - is a piece of Heaven on Earth, where one could see the snowy mountains amidst a splendid garden, embedded with stupas and monasteries!' However, the exact location remained uncertain and obscure until 1 December 1886 when a wandering German archaeologist Dr. Alois A. Fuhrer came across a stone pillar and ascertained beyond doubt it was indeed the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Since that day it has become a centre point for hundreds of thousands of pilgrims.
Many of the places that were of importance to the Lord Buddha during his life retain a potent significance to Buddhists of today. Unsurprisingly, nowhere has a greater significance than the site of his birth. In the words of Buddha himself: "O-Bhikkhus', after my death when people and members of a new generation come and ask you, then tell them that here the Buddha was born, here he attained the full enlightenment, here he turned the wheel of Dharma twelve times, and here finally the Buddha entered into Parinirvana". Hundreds of years have gone by, but the architectural splendors of that era are still standing and serve as a vivid reminder of the origins of Buddhist philosophy and doctrines. As a complement to the temples and shrines, our aim is to create a living environment in which Buddha would have felt at home during his life.
Within Buddhism, one can practice Yoga and meditation, which are considered by Buddhists to be ways of purifying the mind and soul. Lumbini Buddha Garden with its large space is an ideal place to practice yoga and meditation!
Place to visit in lumbini and around
(inside the lumbini garden)
Maya devi temple: maya devi temple is the main attraction of the lumbini garden where prince siddhartha was born . This temple was enlisted in world heritage sites by UNESCO in 1997 AD . This temple was built in the third century BCE . This temple is surrounded by a famous ashoka pillar , pushkarini pond (where Buddha took bath at first) and sacred garden. We can see the footprints of Buddha inside the temple on the bricks. The international archeological researchers team did more study in 2013 AD.
lumbini museum : inside the lumbini garden there is the lumbini museum which displays 12000 artifacts including religious scriptures , metal sculpture ,coins and stamps from maurya and kausana dynasty.
Bodhi tree: on the premises of the maya devi temple there is a big and 300 years old peepal tree ,on the beneath of it buddhist monks do meditation and sing the spiritual hymns. The auspicious tree is fully covered by the prayer flag.bodhi tree is immensely taken as a holy tree in buddhism because buddha spent his most of life on the beneath of the tree for searching for knowledge and enlightenment and also he taught his disciple on beneath of the bodhi tree.
Monasteries and monuments inside the garden: there are 32 monasteries and monuments inside the lumbini park made by many countries in the world where we can visit and do the meditations. Every monastery has different architecture and specifications. They look very peaceful and meditative during our visit too , we can get natural peace so highly recommended to visit all the monasteries inside the lumbini sacred garden.
Kapilvastu/tilaurakot: kapilvastu is the hometown of lord buddha. It is also the capital for sakya kingdom ,it is in kapilvastu district in nepal. Kapilvastu is 29 km west from lumbini at the beneath of the siwalik range. Here was the palace of king suddhodana where lord buddha spent his time upto 29 years . This place is known as tilaurakot nowadays.
Devadaha: Devadaha is the maternal hometown of queen mayadevi , prajapati gautami( stepmother of the buddha) and princess yashodhara( siddhartha wife). which is situated 57 km eastwards from lumbini,after queen mayadevi death lord buddha spent a few years at devadaha with his step mother. Devadaha was the capital of the Koliya kingdom.
Ramagrama: Ramagrama is the natural monument where shakyamuni buddha's sacred body relics are contained. Among the eighth other relics, this is the only one which is still natural . UNESCO put this place as a tentative list of world heritage property in 1996 AD. Once in a lifetime buddhist people want to be there as a pilgrimes.
Kudan: 4.5 km south from tilaurakot / kapilvastu there are the ruins of big mound monuments ruins , nygrodharama pond are the major attractions of the place. This place is described as a krakuchanda buddha natal town.this place king suddhodhanna met shakyamuni buddha for the first time after enlightenment.
Gotihawa: gotihawa is situated 5 km southwest from taulihawa , it is the place where krakuchanda buddha was born and enlightened here.ashoka emperor visited here 249 BC and erected a stone pillar and build big monuments on the name of krakuchhanda buddha.
Niglihawa: seven km north from taulihawa there is another famous legend of buddhism that is niglihawa where ashoka emperor made a pillar and a stupa next to a big pond, now the pillar is in broken condition. Upper part of the pillar was encrypted that the kanak mani buddha was born and met his father here after the enlightenment. The pillar was discovered by renowned archeologist Dr.Alois fuhrer in 1895 AD. It was 15 meter tall and the inscription was written in the upper part.
Aurorakot :approximately ten km northeast from taulihawa there is aurorakot which is known as natal town of kanak mani buddha. This wide rectangular place has ancient moats and fortifications.
Day 1: flight/ drive from kathmandu /pokhara/chitwan to bhairahawa lumbini and check in the hotel. If we conduct a drive we just reach there but if we go by flight, lunch at hotel and trip to devadaha and back to hotel.
Day2: full day trip to tilaurakot , gotihawa,kudan,niglihawa ,aurorakot and ramagrama with a professional tour guide and back to the hotel for dinner.
Day 3: breakfast in the hotel and heading inside the lumbini garden and visit Mayadevi temple , bodhi tree , ashoka pillar and then to the various monasteries for the whole day and meditation in korean temple for the evening.
Day 4: explore the lumbini museum and participate in a whole day meditation inside the monastery.
Day 5: back to pokhara /kathmandu or chitwan for further programme.
Day 1: flight/ drive from kathmandu /pokhara/chitwan to bhairahawa lumbini and check in the hotel. If we conduct a drive we just reach there but if we go by flight will take lunch at the hotel and we will explore tilaurakot, gotihawa,kudan ,niglihawa,aurorakot and ramagrama.
Day 2: breakfast at hotel and then explore lumbini museum, Mayadevi temple , bodhi tree , ashoka pillar and then to the various monasteries for the whole day and meditation in korean temple for the evening.
Day 3: breakfast at hotel and drive to devadaha and right after check out the hotel and get back to prefered destination pokhara/kathmandu /chitwan.
Both ways of transportation/flight.
All the accommodation (B,L,D) during the programme.
Deluxe AC rooms on twin sharing basis.
Professional english speaking tour guide (local one from lumbini) .
All the permits needed for lumbini
Transportation during exploration around the places in lumbini.