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Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve is located in the far-eastern lowland “Terai” of Nepal. The pristine sub-tropical jungle makes Suklaphanta Nepal’s second largest wildlife Reserve in Terai. The name of the park is derived from the largest of these grasslands which are known as Suklaphanta. The park area is 155 sq km. And would be 305 sq km. This wildlife reserve shares a common boundary with the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh in the south and west which is formed by the Mahakali River known as Sarda River and a major tributary of the Ganges.

Although the area of the Suklaphanta Reserve is small, it supports a wide range of biodiversity which is nationally and globally important. The vegetation types primarily include Sal forest, Sal savanna, which is part of a continuum between climax forest and grassland that is maintained by fire and floods. The open grasslands and numerous waterholes of the park is a vast expanse of plain meadows and Sal forests, while marsh vegetation is found along rivers and lakes. Extensive grasslands, Phantas, are located within the reserve. Main grass species include Imperative cylindrical and Saccharin heterologous, used extensively by the local people for thatching.

The park was initially reserved as a hunting area was later converted to the wildlife reserve to protect swamp deer, the sanctuary now shelters almost 2,000 swamp deer, around 50 wild elephants, and 30 tigers. Suklaphanta grassland is one of the last remaining habitats for such threatened animals as the hispid hare and the pygmy hog. Besides these, Suklaphanta is the stronghold for another endangered animal, the Barasingha, or swamp deer. Other wildlife of the park included spotted deer, also seen in large numbers, hog deer, Nilgai, wild dog, jackal, porcupine, and otter. The Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve and the adjoining forest is the territory of a small number of tigers which because of open terrain are not uncommon to sight on the prowl. Wild elephants have also can be seen in the park.

The Suklaphanta wildlife reserve will be easily accessible by road from any parts of Nepal with the completion of the far-western sector of East-West Highway. The area has a tropical monsoon climate with four different seasons: winter, spring, summer, and monsoon. It is an ideal spot for game viewing and jungle safari for visitors. After the visiting this protected area, one may experience unique with a lifetime memory.

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Trip Facts

  • Trip duration: 4 Days
  • Grade: A
  • Activity: Jungle Safari
  • Starts in:
  • Ends in:
  • Trek type:
  • Accommodation: Hotel
  • Transportation: Jeep/Bus
  • Max Altitude: